Left (upside down): Cliff at Varengeville, c. 1896-97. Rights: Grainstacks at Giverny, c. 1890-91. Sketchbook 3, page 26 & 27. Images © Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris.

Cows on the bank of the Epte river near Giver. Sketchbook 6, page 5. 1886-1889. Images © Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris.

Germaine Hoschéde Writing, Jean-Pierre Hoschéde and Michel Monet. c. 1885. Sketchbook 1, page 18 & 19. Images © Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris.

Monet's outline/gesture drawings of landscapes and water, objects in nature, especially water reflections, are studies for his paintings. He sketches anywhere in the book therefore, some appear upside down and overlap onto previous sketches, and are done years apart from each other. He studies composition and perspective, e.g. at train stations, farm fields, churches and the town centres of country towns he visits. Longer independent sketches, are done too, like those of his family here. 1865-1908.

Pencil and black crayon.

Artist: Claude Monet.

See online sketchbooks from the Unknown Monet Exhibition, Stirling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2007.

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